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 Newsletter no.12, October 2006

  Download (PDF): Newsletter no.12



Further Steps Toward Implementation of IFM (Launching of APFM Phase II)


National Workshop on Integrated Flood Management for Nyando River Basin 3rd August 2006, Nairobi, Kenya


Strategy for Flood Management in Kafue Basin, Zambia

  Recently released publications and translations

Further Steps Toward Implementation of IFM (Launching of APFM Phase II)

Traditionally, flood management has focused on reactive approaches. It is widely realised that a paradigm shift is required to move from flood control to flood management from defensive to proactive actionÍÕowards a culture of prevention by managing risk of, and living with, floods. This need for a paradigm shift is the catalyst behind the concept of integrated flood management (IFM), which seeks to integrate land- and water-resources development in a river basin, within the overall framework of IWRM thereby help achieve Millennium Development Goals. IFM aims at maximizing the benefits from floodplains and at the same time reducing loss of life. It addresses flood vulnerability and risks through preventive measures while preserving ecosystems and their associated biodiversity.

The Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) has been promoting the concept of Integrated Flood Management and practical steps for putting the concept into practice. The programme was launched in August 2001. Based on the successful completion of this first phase, APFM has entered into a second phase starting from August 2006.

Phase I: Establishing the concept of IFM

In APFM Phase I, the principles of Integrated Flood

Management have been established through the IFM Concept Paper, which is supported by Flood Management Policy Series papers on Legal, Environmental, Social and Economic Aspects to enable a multi-disciplinary approach and to articulate the concept of IFM to various professionals involved in flood management. The preparation process for each of these advocacy papers was highly participatory, drawing from the expertise of leading experts in the respective specialized fields. The APFM has been encouraging the implementation of the concept through pilot projects in different countries. Pilot project or components thereof have been implemented in Kenya, Zambia, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Brazil, Uruguay, Slovakia, Poland and Romania. Different aspects of IFM have been implemented through these pilot projects and the learnings provide an essential basis for the implementation of future projects.

The programme has also established a website to offer a large variety of information including various products of APFM and a set of databases on flood management.

Phase II: Implementation of the IFM concept on the ground

The phase II of the programme will consolidate the gains achieved during Phase I. It is focused on implementation of the IFM concept on the ground. It will develop capacities in the countries by supporting local and regional actions that advocate, support or demonstrate the IFM principles. The primary focus will be on activities at the ground levels through field demonstration projects and supporting countries to put the concept of IFM, in its multidisciplinary approach, into practice. Required Tools for IFM implementation are being developed to facilitate these activities. This will be supported by a combination of training and awareness building activities to convey the need of addressing flood management issues within the overall framework of IWRM for sustainable development. The advocacy for IFM will be achieved through capacity development, implementation of field demonstration projects and providing long-term support in the form of a HelpDesk for Integrated Flood Management. Major outputs of the Programme would be:

 Field Demonstration Projects on IFM;
 Platforms for multidisciplinary dialogue;
 Network of institutions supporting multidisciplinary approach;
 Training, awareness building and advocacy material;
 Capacity building through Trainings of Trainers, Regional Workshops and Seminars;
 Information services in form of a web site and a Reference Centre on Flood Management;
 Tools in support of IFM; and
 Strategic advice on flood management in form of a HelpDesk.

These will be achieved in four definitive steps running concurrently. These are:

  1. Advocacy for Integrated Flood Management;
  2. Capacity Development for adopting Integrated Flood Management approach;
  3. Field Demonstration Projects; and
  4. Provision of Information and HelpDesk Services

Advocacy for Integrated Flood Management

Advocacy for Integrated Flood Management will be a continuous effort, utilizing advocacy materials developed during phase I in the form of Flood Management Policy Series to initiate policy makers and flood managers into a dialogue, with disciplines beyond the engineering. Such advocacy materials also help policy makers in putting across probing questions and make informed and analytical decisions. In phase II, awareness building and advocacy materials will be disseminated further through various channels including, but not limited to, information circulars, conferences, seminars, and workshops with target group specific key messages and other formats.

Capacity Development for adopting Integrated Flood Management

a) IFM Tools

Capacity building through maintaining high level of knowledge and skills is essential for putting the concept into practice, once it is accepted at the policy level. It requires tools to put the concepts developed in the Policy Series into implementation. Wherever directly available, these tools are referred to from existing sources. As IFM is conceptually a subset of IWRM, available tools from IWRM TooBox will be adopted or suitably adapted to meet the special needs of flood management. Development of new tools, as and when identified, will be encouraged through other partners and programmes such as International Flood Initiative, the International Centre for Water Hazard and Risk Management (I-CHARM) and WMO regular programme. Some of the tools however, would be specifically developed under APFM Phase II.

b) Presentation material

It is recognized that, according to the target audience, the way of presenting the IFM concept becomes different, since the knowledge and level of information of different stakeholders is diverse and different. In order to enable effective stakeholder participation to be put in place toward IFM, there is a need for developing presentation or training material for each targeted audience. Therefore, it is planned to develop presentation material to provide information about the concept of IFM to various stakeholders in flood management, ranging from policy makers and flood managers, to the general public and media.

c) Training course

A number of initiatives have been taken in recent years for providing training in IWRM. UNESCO-IHE, CapNet, IWLearn, WBI and a number of other regional institutions are engaged in this gigantic task. These courses and trainings address various issues related to scarcity of water and its management. Unfortunately, these training modules quite often do not address the issues of excess of water in form of floods. Experiences from pilot projects and the development of the IFM Concept Paper and a suite of flood management policy papers, have generated a considerable amount of material that should be adapted for developing capacity building materials. The phase II programme envisages development of appropriate modules for variety of training courses addressing various groups of stakeholders. This will also include an online training course. Regional workshops and seminars will further support such a capacity development. Training of trainers would be taken up through a number of WMO Regional Training Centres as well as in collaboration with other partners, as above.

Field demonstration projects

The pilot projects undertaken during the Phase I have confirmed the importance of field projects. Although these pilot projects were taken up at a moderate scale the products and experiences from these have highlighted the importance of an external driving force in bringing together various players in putting this multidisciplinary approach into practice. The phase II strategy of APFM is focused on implementation of the IFM concept on the ground, on moving from Concept to Field Demonstration. It will focus on developing capacities in the countries by supporting local and regional actions that advocate, support or demonstrate the IFM principles.

Provision of Information and HelpDesk Services

During the first phase, the APFM website was established as the central access point for information on flood management in order to:

Promote the IFM concepts;

Disseminate APFM activities in adopting IFM, such as field demonstration projects (i.e. pilot projects) and compilation of good practices and lessons learned from various regions of the world;

Facilitate a dialogue through a virtual forum;

Provide a reference center on flood management (i.e. a set of flood management databases); etc.

The APFM website will be continuously maintained and developed further to fulfill these purposes.

Further, the experiences in Phase I indicated that there is a need for an international institution which can be approached by a country requiring working guidance on comprehensive issues of flood management in an integrated manner. Therefore, it is proposed to establish an IFM HelpDesk service, which would provide guidance on flood related issues to the countries adopting the IFM concept, during the second phase of APFM. The IFM HelpDesk would provide the following entities with advice in support of flood policy, strategy and project formulation and training conforming to the principles of IFM.

Planning agencies and River basin organizations
Flood management / water resources departments
Disaster management authorities
NGOs, particularly those working with flood affected communities.

IFM HelpDesk will be instrumental in ensuring a strictly demand-driven approach towards assisting governments and affected communities in their efforts towards placing their flood management efforts on a sustainable basis within the framework of Integrated Water Resources Management. The IFM HelpDesk would also be able to support various development partners and funding agencies in assimilating flood issues within their development agenda. The outputs available from the phase I and the following phase II (2006-2010) of APFM in the form of flood management reference centre, tools for implementation, products from field demonstration projects, and virtual forum will enable WMO, supported by the collaborating centres, to provide such a HelpDesk service beyond the current APFM Phase II.


National Workshop on Integrated Flood Management for Nyando River Basin 3rd August 2006, Nairobi, Kenya

WMO assisted the Kenyan Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MWI) to develop a Flood Management Strategy in the Lake Victoria basin as a pilot project under the APFM. The Kenyan Government through the Ministry of Water and Irrigation is keen to implement the Strategy for Flood Management in Lake Victoria Basin. The MWI and WMO have been interacting with various Development Partners for securing funds for implementing the strategy and therefore supplementing the available national resources.

As part of these efforts, WMO has joined the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and the Kenyan Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA), in organizing a national workshop to launch a Study (JICA Study) on Integrated Flood Management for Nyando River Basin, to ensure that the inputs to the JICA study reflect national development priorities and provide a platform for exchange of views and inputs from various stakeholders and decision makers.

The workshop was held on 3 August 2006 in order to seek synergies between the approach taken in the Lake Victoria basin and the planned activities in the Nyando River Basin, and to obtain inputs from stakeholders, policy makers and technical experts in Flood Management issues in Kenya thus ensuring better cooperation and coordination amongst various stakeholders and technical and financial partners.

The Workshop was attended by ninety two (92) participants representing senior officials from the ministries and authorities concerned and regional offices of Kenyan Government, donors and investment agencies including JICA, JBIC, GTZ and WB, international organizations including WMO and UNEP, NGOs, research institutes, universities and private companies.

The main recommendation of the workshop focused on enabling required community participation and the multi sectoral approach in flood management. There was emphasis on  the necessity of a comprehensive  approach   JICA/WMO workshop,Nairobi,Kenya,3rd Aug 2006
and application of knowledge and experience

The JICA Study is proposed to be carried-out in two phases, Phase I is to prepare an Integrated Flood Management plan for Nyando River Basin and Phase II to carry-out Feasibility Study of prioritized projects and support activities related to implementation of capacity building programs.

Appropriate combination of high cost measures and low cost measures will be sought in the study. Structural measures and Non-Structural measures will be suitably combined.


Strategy for Flood Management in Kafue Basin, Zambia

The Kafue Basin is the most urbanized basin in Zambia with all the major towns and industries located therein. Floods have been amongst the most damaging natural hazards in the basin causing devastation that ranges from loss of lives to widespread destruction of crops and other economic activities, the most affected being the Kafue Flats.

The project aims at assessing the flood impact in the Kafue Basin and drawing up an IFM strategy for the basin. IFM recognizes that a river basin is a dynamic system in which there are many interactions and fluxes between land and water bodies. The objective therefore is to try to improve the functioning of the river basin as a whole by recognizing that both water and land are scarce, and that gains and losses arise from changes in interactions between the water and land environment and that these changes are the results of human interventions.

The project is being implemented under Zambian Ministry of Energy and Water Development through a team of Zambian national experts consisting of a Team Leader and four experts. They have collected data, information and materials required to develop the strategy and have contacted appropriate stakeholders and interacted with different government authorities and facilitated the implementation of the project.

The Ministry Department of Water Affairs has been involved in the organization of two workshops, one for the Stakeholders in Flood Management and one for Policy Makers, in close collaboration with the Zambia Meteorological Department.
Many other Ministries and government institutions have been involved in the process to ensure the availability of all required data and information and to contribute to the development of the Integrated Flood Management Strategy for the Kafue Basin. The projects Steering Committee has ensured steady and guided implementation of the project.

Stakeholder Workshop

The workshop for stakeholders was held on the 29th of May 2006 in Lusaka. The main objectives of the workshop were:

 To raise awareness on the IFM Strategy development process for the Kafue Basin among the stakeholders;
 To obtain comments from the stakeholders on the proposed approach;
 To initiate discussions and comments from the Stakeholders on four identified themes, key to IFM development in the basin:
 -  Integrated Approach to Water Resources Management and Flood Management;
 -  Social Aspects of Flood Management;
 -  Protecting and Conserving the Environment;
 -  Coordination between various Ministries and Agencies

The workshop was inaugurated by the Minister of Energy and Water Development, Hon. Felix Mutati. 58 participants from a wide range of stakeholders in the Kafue basin attended the workshop. They came from Government Ministries and Departments, Local Authorities, parastatal organizations, academics/researchers, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), farmers associations and fishing associations in the flood prone areas. The participation and contributions from all the participants was of high standard.

Policy Makers Workshop

In follow up of the discussions with the stakeholders, a workshop for policy makers was held in Lusaka from 7 to 9 September 2006. It was attended by Permanent Secretaries and Directors of 9 Ministries (Ministry of Energy and Water Development; Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources; Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; Ministry of Lands; Ministry of Transport and Communication; Ministry of Local Government and Housing; Policy Analysis and Co-ordination Division; Ministry of Finance and National Planning; Ministry of Justice) and key Departments, Organizations and Districts. The main objectives of the workshop were to discuss the second draft of the Strategy, in particular, the policy issues and give direction on the way forward, including implementation of the proposals of the Strategy.


Recently released publications and translations


Environmental Aspects of Integrated Flood Management (Flood Management Policy Series)

Download (PDF): Environmental Aspects of Integrated Flood Management


Four Case Studies about the legal and institutiuonal aspects of flood management in India, Japan, Serbia and Switzerland.

Download (PDF): Legal and Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management Case Studies


French translation of the Flood Management Policy Series publication on L­egal and Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management (French title: Aspects juridiques et institutionnels de la gestion integr des crues)

Download (PDF): Legal and Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management (French)


Spanish translation of the brochure IWRM and Floods - Making Integrated Flood Management part of the Development Agenda (Spanish title: Incluir la gesti integrada de crecidas en el programa de desarollo)

Download (PDF): IWRM and Floods (Spanish)




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