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Training Workshop on Integrated Flood Management for the Nile Basin Countries

Nairobi, Kenya  23 - 27 November 2009

The Training of Trainers (ToT) Workshop on Integrated Flood Management (IFM) for the Nile Basin Countries was held in Nairobi, Kenya, from 23 to 27 November 2009. The training course was organized jointly WMO/APFM (Associated Programme on Flood Management), in collaboration with FOEN (Federal Office for the Environment, Switzerland), Cap-Net (Capacity Building for Integrated Water Resources Management), NBCBN (Nile Basin Capacity Building Network), and UNESCO-IHE. The ToT Workshop was hosted by ICPAC (IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Center) with the support of KMD (Kenya Meteorological Department). 



IntroductionWorkshop programme with presentation materials 


Over recent years efforts have been made on a global scale specifically addressing the issue of floods within the context of sustainable development and in particular within the context of Integrated Water Resources Management. The concept of Integrated Flood Management (IFM) has served as a backbone for implementing these programmes. It has been instrumental in defining what role floods play in the development process of societies, and what the sustainable flood management options are.
Considering the importance of flood issues in the Nile Basin countries, WMO in response to a request from NBCBN agreed to organize in close collaboration with partners a training of trainers workshop on IFM within IWRM concept for the Nile Basin.
The ToT workshop was developed to familiarize participants from Nile Basin countries with the concept of IFM and prepare them to identify possible paths of actions towards implementation of the concept in their own field of work. It provided participants with in depth views of the social, economic, environmental and institutional dimensions of flood management and will allow them to develop an integrated perspective on floods, floodplains and development process in their own countries.


Avinash Tyagi (WMO)

Mohamed Tawfik (WMO)
Giacomo Teruggi (WMO)
Armin Petrascheck (FOEN)
Amel M. Azab (NBCBN)
El-Sayed Ibrahim Dewedar (NBCBN)
Biswa Bhattacharya (UNESCO-IHE)

Participants (PDF) , pic1, pic2, pic3, pic4, pic5 

Course objectives:

  • Give participants an overview on problems related to flooding, the floodplain, the development process, and the role they play in the overall framework of the Integrated Management of Water Resources (IWRM).
  • Provide participants an opportunity to think on innovative ways to address the issue of floods in their own context.
  • To present the effects and limits of traditional flood management options in light of future challenges.
  • To provide participants an opportunity to share their conceptions and ideas with water/disaster managers from other countries.
  • To provide a sufficient basis for future self-study on the issue and for an exchange network with other participants.
  • To equip participants with an analytical framework to allow them to analyze the various dimensions of flood management and to identify the multidisciplinary input requirements for IFM.
  • To equip participants with knowledge about available tools and methodologies to improve their flood management practices in their areas of responsibility.


Duration: 5 days / 31 hours


Audience: Flood manager, Engineer, Professor, etc. 


Training results:
After completing the ToT participants should: 

  • Understand the rationale for applying an Integrated Approach to Flood Management (IFM).
  • Understand the Social, Environmental, Economic, Legal and Institutional Dimensions of Flood Management, and as such the interdisciplinary nature of the concept and to appreciate the possible contribution of each discipline.
  • Understand the main principles and aims of IFM/IWRM (theoretical level) and critically review them within their own country context.
  • Understand the full range of flood management measures (structural and non-structural measures).
  • Be able to identify the stakeholders in their own country or area for IFM.
  • Be able to identify requirements and possible actions within their own jurisdiction that would strengthen IFM.
  • Be able to conduct similar awareness raising workshops and identify required tools to facilitate such action in their own context.

Conclusions and Recommendations:
The participants concluded their discussion on the following points:

  1. The flood issue is a major concern in the Nile Basin countries
  2. The IFM concept is a good approach to address the flood issues in river basins, including in the Nile Basin
  3. There is an urgent need to strengthen the Nile Basin countries capacities in IFM. The Training of Trainers Workshop offered a good opportunity to meet such demand.
  4. The Workshop provided participants with a balanced outlook on floods, floodplains and the development process, and the role they play on the overall framework of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)
  5. The Training of Trainers allowed experts from various institutions and sectors in the Nile Basin countries to understand the driving forces that are necessary for an Integrated approach to Flood Management
  6. The Workshop offered an opportunity for the participants from various disciplines within the Nile Basin countries to share and exchange views on the IFM concept and ideas on the traditional Flood Management practices
  7. The Workshop provided a suitable environment to strengthen the existing network of professionals, and to promote the future IFM networking
  8. The group discussions and the exercise sessions offered a training opportunity to apply the IFM approach in specific cases
  9. The participants appreciated the tools, documents and training materials provided during the Workshop
  10. The workshop participants noted WMO role in addressing water challenges including floods and the support to its Members to strengthen their capacities in water related issues. The participants appreciated WMO initiative to organize this Training of trainers workshop in collaboration with NBCBN, UNESCO-IHE and CapNet
  11. The participants appreciated the facilities and services provided by ICPAC in collaboration with KMD which made the workshop successful
  12. The speech by the Minister of Water and Irrigation of Kenya demonstrated political commitment to the topic of the Workshop and it was highly appreciated by the participants and the organizers

Way forward

  • Each country will identify a focal point to coordinate the follow up with WMO/NBCBN on IFM related activities. The name and contact details of the focal points will be forwarded to WMO/NBCBN as soon as possible
  • The focal point in each country will coordinate the establishment of a group of experts to develop a programme for promoting and applying the IFM approach in the country. WMO and NBCBN will be notified with the composition and the ToR of the established group.
  • The programme to be developed may include:
    - Training workshop to introduce and promote the IFM concept in the country
    - Preparation of an assessment on the status of the legal and institutional framework necessary for the development of an IFM policy  and strategy
    - Promotion of stakeholders and community participation to develop an IFM strategy and action plan
  • NBCBN, within its framework and strategy to strengthen and promote the networking concepts, will work on establishing a wider network for the development and promotion of IFM concept in the countries and in the region. This will be achieved in close collaboration with the national focal points
  • The focal points and the groups of experts are encouraged to regularly make use of the materials published and available in APFM website and submit their request for support through the APFM HelpDesk portal (www.FloodManagement.info)

Note: Opinions expressed in articles appearing in this page are the author's opinions and do not necessarily reflect those of WMO. The mention of specific products in articles does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WMO in preference to others of a similar nature which are not mentioned or advertised.

Workshop programme with presentation materials

Monday, 23 Nov 2009

Official Opening of the Workshop


Self Introduction


Representative of ICPAC   
Representative of NBCBN   
WMO Representative   
Dr J. Mukabana, Director KMD   
Mr John Rao Nyaoro (Government  representative)   
Group photo   

Session I: Introduction to the Workshop 
Introduction of workshop contents, objectives, scope and purpose, structure of sessions and expected outcomes  (Mohamed Tawfic, WMO)   (PDF
Public perception of floods, role of the media and the ongoing strive for a balanced picture
(Giacomo Teruggi, WMO)
- Effects and limits of traditional flood management options in light of future challenges
(Armin Petrascheck, FOEN) 
General discussion   

Session II: Setting the scene for Integrated Flood Management

- Flood processes, Floods and development and management issues
(B. Bhattacharya, UNESCO-IHE) 
- Modelling tools for flood management as support for flood managers
(B. Bhattacharya, UNESCO-IHE) 

Country presentations
Experts from each country (Burundi, DRC, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda) will make presentations (15 minutes) highlighting flood issues in their country with focus on
- The governmental structures charged with water /disaster management
- The flood magnitudes and frequency of occurrence 
- Flood losses in the country 
- Available capacity on Flood Management (FM)

- General Discussion   

Tuesday, 24 Nov 2009

Session III: Current status of Flood Management capacity in the Nile Basin countries

Country presentations, continue   

NBCBN as Capacity building Network in the Nile Basin: Focus on Flood Management     
(A.Azab, NBCBN)


Integrated Flood Management as a development policy
(Armin Petrascheck, FOEN)


Making the concept matter to the local level - case studies
(Experiences from projects in South Asia and Central and Eastern Europe)
(J.M. Maina, KMD /G. Teruggi, WMO)

Flood risk assessment/mapping
Introduction to the whole range of flood management measures and how they help to reduce flood risk (including a perspective on residual risks)
(A. Petrascheck, BAFU)
Stakeholders participation in Flood Management 
(Moderated discussion)
Flood management strategy
Formulating a governmental flood management strategy - Experiences from IFM projects in Africa
(M. Tawfik, WMO) 
 Wednesday, 25 Nov 2009

Session IV: Integrated Flood Management various aspects 

Social dimensions of flood management - Fostering community resilience and stakeholder participation in decision-making   (S.O. Dulo, University of Nairobi)





Group exercise on Social aspects of IFM

Flood management and our ecosystems (Environmental aspects of IFM)   
(A. Tyagi, WMO)


Group exercise on Environmental aspects of IFM 

 Thursday, 26 Nov 2009
 Session V: Integrated Flood Management various spects

Laws and institutions for flood management, character of integrated flood management (Legal aspects of IFM)  (M.O. Nyadawa, Jomo Kenyatta University)


Group exercise on Legal aspects of IFM

Economics of floods and flood plain management (Economic aspects of IFM)  
(S.O. Dulo, University of Nairobi)

Presentation of the outcome of Group discussions


  Friday 27 Nov 2009
Session VI: Conclusions and Evaluation


Capacity building needs in IFM
(A.Azab, NBCBN)

Flood management strategy, Formulating a governmental flood management strategy - Experiences from IFM projects in Africa (A. Petrascheck, BAFU)   (PDF)
Conclusion and Recommendations  
The Way forward  
closing of the workshop   


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