Social Aspects and Stakeholder Involvement in Integrated Flood Management

Brief description
Brochure on Social Aspects and Stakeholder Involvement in Integrated Flood Management
Expert Group

Brief description

In recent years, there is greater appreciation of the need to involve the society in the decision-making process. However, flood management has often been dealt with primarily through engineering interventions without wider consultations and without involving communities in the decision-making. The implementation agencies for flood management in the countries essentially remain mono-disciplinary organizations with little interaction with social and environment streams. 
It is with this background, the advocacy paper on Social Aspects and Stakeholder Involvement in Integrated Flood management is prepared in collaboration with Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC). This paper addresses issues such as:


Positive and negative effects of floods, conditions responsible for and factors that contribute to the vulnerability of societies, societal or community perceptions of risks which in turn determine to a large extent the motivation to participate in the decision-making process;

Various factors contributing to enhanced flood risks caused by development activities, flood reduction and mitigation measures, how participatory processes can contribute to flood risk reduction by means of preventive and preparedness measures;

Importance of stakeholder involvement in IFM, constraints and precautionary measures required in designing the participatory process from the onset; and

Required enabling mechanisms for successful stakeholder involvement.


Brochure on Social Aspects and Stakeholder Involvement in Integrated Flood Management

Since IFM is a subset of IWRM, the social issues presented in this publication are addressed within the framework of IWRM participatory processes. This publication does not intend to develop a parallel process of stakeholder involvement in flood management, but relies largely on the experience gained in IWRM, duly addressing special flood-related issues, wherever necessary. It attempts to answer questions relating to floods in the river basins and interactions with human security and environment preservation to ensure livelihoods and economic development for the well-being in the basin.

How can the beneficial effects of floods be recognized and enhanced?
What are the main causes of flood plain communities increased vulnerabilities?
What measures can be undertaken to reduce the vulnerabilities and risks of flood plain communities?
How can various stakeholders be involved in the decision-making process from the policy planning stage to avoid likely conflicts?
What role can civil society play in reducing flood risks?
Why are participatory planning and management imperative in river basin management?
How can they be sustained over time?
What difficulties can be anticipated in implementing these measures?
What kind of mechanism and enabling environment are required to develop a successful participatory approach?

To address the above-mentioned questions, the publication is divided into four parts:
People and floods, Social aspects of flood risk reduction, Stakeholder involvement in integrated flood management and enhancing stakeholder involvement.

This publication forms part of the Flood Management Policy Series published within the framework of the WMO/GWP Associated Programme on Flood Management. The series comprises publications on various aspects of flood management policy, including economic, environmental, legal and institutional, and social aspects. The series as such supplements an in-depth perspective to the Integrated Flood Management-Concept Paper (APFM 2003).

Download: Social Aspects and Stakeholder Involvement in Integrated Flood Management (PDF)
                                                          English (1.1MB), French (1.1MB), Spanish (1.1MB)


Expert Group

In the process of compiling this paper, expert group consisting of the following was constituted and expert group meeting was held on 25th - 26th of November 2005 in Geneva.

   Mr Angel Luis Aldana Valverde, Centro de Estudios y Experimentaciَn de Obras Pْblicas, Spain;
   Mr Eelco van Beek, Delft Hydraulics, the Netherlands;
   Mr Kenji Okazaki, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Japan;
   Mr Simon McCarthy, Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University, UK.

Based on the discussion during the expert group meeting, the first draft paper was revised and posted on the website. Insightful comments were provided by many, in particular Mr Santosh Kumar, National Institute of Disaster Management, India, and Mr Jerome Delli Priscoli, Institute for Water Resources, US Army Corps of Engineers, USA. The Japan Institute of Construction Engineering (JICE) supported this publication by providing substantial inputs based on its wide experience.


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